We have likely attended a wedding or two and have seen all of the traditions, but have we ever wondered where these customs orginated? Why does the bride require something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue? Why does the groom toss the garter into a crowd of men, and why is a wedding cake so important? Nearly every aspect of a wedding has some sort of significance. VOWS plumbs the depths. The dress White is often associated with purity, which is why it’s thought of as a traditional colour for virgin brides. But did you know that before the mid-1800s, brides actually wore red? They didn’t start wearing white until around 1840 when Queen Victoria was married to Prince Albert. Victoria went against the grain and opted for a white, lacy dress, a colour that, at the time, represented wealth as opposed to purity. Clearly, the trend caught on, as many brides today still covet the classic white gown. The wedding veil Originally, brides wore veils to be protected from evil, jealous spirits, and to also preserve their modesty. Bridal veils were worn, particularly in Ancient Greece and Rome, to confuse the devil and to protect the bride from the “evil eye”. However, in some cultures, it was employed by dear old dad to trick the groom into marrying his daughter who, let’s just say, was beautiful — on the inside. The dainty headwear was also used in arranged marriages to hide the identity of the bride until the unveiling at the ceremony. We have likely attended a wedding or two and have seen all of the traditions, but have we ever wondered where these customs orginated? Why does the bride require something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue? Why does the groom toss the garter into a crowd of men, and why is a wedding cake so important? Nearly every aspect of a wedding has some sort of significance. VOWS plumbs the depths. The dress White is often associated with purity, which is why it’s thought of as a traditional colour for virgin brides. But did you know that before the mid-1800s, brides actually wore red? They didn’t start wearing white until around 1840 when Queen Victoria was married to Prince Albert. Victoria went against the grain and opted for a white, lacy dress, a colour that, at the time, represented wealth as opposed to purity. Clearly, the trend caught on, as many brides today still covet the classic white gown. The wedding veil Originally, brides wore veils to be protected from evil, jealous spirits, and to also preserve their modesty. Bridal veils were worn, particularly in Ancient Greece and Rome, to confuse the devil and to protect the bride from the “evil eye”. However, in some cultures, it was employed by dear old dad to trick the groom into marrying his daughter who, let’s just say, was beautiful — on the inside. The dainty headwear was also used in arranged marriages to hide the identity of the bride until the unveiling at the ceremony. Nowadays, the veil has come to signify the bride’s virtue. The bouquet Ancient Greek brides would carry clusters of herbs and spices — not flowers — to ward off evil spirits. That tiny bundle was thought to have magical powers. Thankfully, we’ve graduated from aromatic, herb-filled bouquets and brides now choose a flower arrangement that she likes or matches her wedding theme. The bridesmaids The history of the bridesmaid varies across cultures, religions and time periods. In early Roman times, bridesmaids formed a kind of bridal troop, who marched alongside the bride to the groom’s village. This ‘protective shield’ of similarly outfitted bridesmaids was supposed to intervene if any wayward thugs or vengeful suitors tried to hurt the bride or steal her dowry. Well, today, bridesmaids are only responsible for smiling while carrying a bouquet ahead of the bride. The best man The “best” in best man once referred to the quality of a man’s swordsmanship. When weddings were used as a business transaction rather than a union of love, the groom needed a good swordsman to help either retrieve a runaway bride or fend off a bride’s angry family that may not approve of the union. Oh, and the best man wasn’t just picked because he was the groom’s best friend or brother. No, the term “best” was added to the title because that person had to be the strongest and most capable since his duties include planning a stag do for the groom, giving the best man’s speech and holding on to the rings on the wedding day. Something old, something new, something borrowed and something blue This tradition dates all the way back to the Victorian era, where these old, new, borrowed, and blue items were procured to bring good fortune to the bride, especially when they were all worn together during the ceremony. Something old: represents the ties to the bride’s family and her past. Something new: represents a life to come with her husband. Something borrowed: must be an item from someone who is in a successful marriage to pass on the “good luck.” Something blue: stands for faithfulness, loyalty and purity. The ring bearer and his pillow The ring bearer’s pillow symbolises the promises of the dreams you have while sleeping, coming true. A small child is typically asked to carry the pillow which symbolises innocence, the future and new beginnings. The wedding cake The wedding cake has been a component of weddings since medieval times. Originally cakes were made of wheat which was a symbol of fertility and prosperity. As a relic of once-performed fertility rites, these wedding cakes would have been thrown at the bride. The once-simple wedding cake has evolved into a multi-tiered extravaganza. The colour of the cake is typically white, again symbolising purity. The joint task of the bride and groom cutting the cake was meant to symbolise their first joint task in married life. The gesture of feeding cake to each other is a symbol of the commitment the bride and groom are making. The cutting of the cake is one of the most cherished memories of any wedding. Throwing rice Tossing rice at the end of the ceremony was meant to symbolise rain, which is said to be a sign of prosperity, fertility and good fortune. More recently, wedding meddlers have cautioned against throwing rice because it was rumoured to harm unsuspecting birds that swoop down and eat it once the crowd has left. It is more common to see different items in the sendoff such as bubbles or sparklers. Being showered with love and well wishes after the ceremony is a fantastic lead-in to the reception! Bouquet and garter toss Tossing the bouquet is a standard tradition seen at most weddings, although the garter toss is slowly losing its relevancy among modern-day brides. While the toss is probably the most annoying part of the reception for the singles club, you’d be surprised to learn why the bride and groom used to throw the two at their guests. In the past, couples didn’t wait until the honeymoon to consummate their marriage. They would often do the deed right after saying “I do,” which came as no surprise to their family members. The bouquet toss was used as a distraction, so the bride and the groom could…um…handle their business, while all the single ladies fought for the floral bunches. Tossing the garter also symbolised that the groom had made things official, as eager guests waited outside of the bedchamber for proof. Father walking the bride down the aisle The tradition dates back to a time of arranged marriages, where the “giving away” of the bride represented transfer of ownership. Back then, young women were used as collateral to settle debts or disagreements with neighbouring tribes, as well as for the father to elevate his status by marrying his daughter off to a wealthy family. Today, though, many brides look forward to having their father walk them up the aisle simply to honour him.
Are traits we don’t think of as healthy actually the key to long-lasting relationships? What makes a relationship great? I wanted to write something different. I wanted to write about issues that are important in relationships but don’t receive enough airtime. Things like the role of fighting, hurting each other’s feelings, dealing with dissatisfaction or feeling the occasional attraction for other people. These are normal, everyday relationship issues that don’t get talked about because it’s far easier to talk about puppies and sunsets instead. Outside the traditional relationship narrative. 1. LETTING SOME CONFLICTS GO UNRESOLVED There’s this guy. His name is John Gottman. And he is like the Michael Jordan of relationship research. Not only has he been studying intimate relationships for more than 40 years, but he practically invented the field. Gottman devised the process of “thin-slicing” relationships, a technique where he hooks couples up to all sorts of biometric devices and then records them having short conversations about their problems. Gottman then goes back and analyzes the conversation frame by frame looking at biometric data, body language, tonality and specific words chosen. He then combines all of this data together to predict whether your marriage sucks or not. His “thin-slicing” process boasts a staggering 91% success rate in predicting whether newly-wed couples will divorce within 10 years — a staggeringly high result for any psychological research. His method went on to be featured in Malcolm Gladwell’s bestselling book Blink. Gottman’s seminars also report a 50% higher success rate of saving troubled marriages than traditional marriage counseling. His research papers have won enough academic awards to fill the state of Delaware. And he’s written nine books on the subjects of intimate relationships, marital therapy and the science of trust.
In his research of thousands of happily married couples, some of whom have been married for 40+ years, he found time and again that most successful couples have persistent unresolved issues, unresolved issues that they’ve sometimes been fighting about for decades. Meanwhile many of the unsuccessful couples insisted on resolving fucking everything because they believed that there should be a void of disagreement between them. Pretty soon there was a void of a relationship too.
The point is, when it comes to understanding what makes long-term relationships succeed, John Gottman will slam-dunk in your face and then sneer at you afterwards. And the first thing Gottman says in almost all of his books is this: The idea that couples must communicate and resolve all of their problems is a myth.
People like to fantasize about “true love.” But if there is such a thing, it requires us to sometimes accept things we don’t like.
Successful couples accept and understand that some conflict is inevitable, that there will always be certain things they don’t like about their partners or things they don’t agree with, and that this is fine. You shouldn’t need to feel the need to change somebody in order to love them. And you shouldn’t let some disagreements get in the way of what is otherwise a happy and healthy relationship.The truth is, trying to resolve a conflict can sometimes create more problems than it fixes. Some battles are simply not worth fighting. And sometimes the most optimal relationship strategy is one of “live and let live.” 2. BEING WILLING TO HURT EACH OTHER’S FEELINGS My girlfriend is one of those women who spends a lot of time in front of the mirror. She loves to look amazing and I love for her to look amazing too (obviously). Nights before she goes out with her boyfriend, she always comes out of the bathroom after an hour-long makeup/hair/clothes/whatever-women-do-in-there session and asks him how she looks. She’s usually gorgeous. But every once in a while, she looks bad. She tried to do something new with her hair or decided to wear a pair of boots, and it just doesn’t work. When he tells her this, she usually gets pissed off and marches back into the closet to redo everything and make them 30 minutes late. Men stereotypically lie in this situation to make their girlfriends/wives happy. But it shouldn’t be. Why? Because honesty in a relationship is more important to than feeling good all of the time. The last person you should ever have to censor yourself with is the partner you love. You can date a man or woman who calls you out on your bullshit sometimes, and it’s honestly one of the most important traits he/she offers me as a partner. Sure, your ego gets bruised and you bitch and complain and try to argue, but a few hours later, you come sulking back and admit that she was right and he/she makes you a better person even though you hated hearing it at the time. When our highest priority is to always make ourselves feel good, or to always make our partner feel good, then nobody ends up feeling good. And our relationships fall apart without us even knowing it. It’s important to make something more important in your relationship than merely making each other feel good all of the time. The feel good stuff happens when you get the other stuff right. The gifts and vacations, they happen when you get the more important stuff right: values, needs and trust. If you feel smothered and need more time alone, you need to be capable of saying that without blaming your partner, and he/she needs to be capable of hearing it without blaming you, despite the unpleasant feelings it may cause. If your partner feels that you’re cold and unresponsive to him/her, they need to be capable of saying it without blaming you, and you need to be capable of hearing it without blaming him/her, despite the unpleasant feelings it may generate. These conversations are paramount to maintaining a healthy relationship that meets both people’s needs. Without them, we get lost and lose track of one another. 3. BEING WILLING TO END IT Romantic sacrifice is idealized in our culture. Show me almost any romantic movie and I’ll show you a desperate and needy character who treats themselves like dog shit for the sake of being in love with someone. The truth is our standards for what a “successful relationship” should be are pretty screwed up. If a relationship ends and someone’s not dead, then we view it as a failure, regardless of the emotional or practical circumstances present in the person’s lives. And that’s kind of insane. Romeo and Juliet was originally written as satire to represent everything that’s wrong with young love and how irrational romantic beliefs can make you do stupid shit like drink poison because your parents don’t like some girl’s parents. But somehow we look at this story as romantic. It’s this kind of irrational idealization that leads people to stay with partners who are abusive or negligent, to give up on their own needs and identities, to make themselves into imaginary martyrs who are perpetually miserable, to suppress their own pain and suffering in the name of maintaining a relationship “until death do us part.” Sometimes the only thing that can make a relationship successful is ending it at the appropriate time, before it becomes too damaging. And the willingness to do that allows us to establish the necessary boundaries to help ourselves and our partner grow together.
“Until death do us part” is romantic and everything, but when we worship our relationship as something more important than ourselves, our values, our needs and everything else in our lives, we create a sick dynamic where there’s no accountability. We have no reason to work on ourselves and grow because our partner has to be there no matter what. And our partner has no reason to work on themselves and grow because we’re going to be there no matter what. It invites stagnation and stagnation equals misery. 4. FEELING ATTRACTION FOR PEOPLE OUTSIDE THE RELATIONSHIP Our cultural scripts for romance includes this sort of mental tyranny, where any mildly emotional or sexual thought not involving your partner amounts to high treason. Being in love is like a cult where you’re supposed to prefer drinking Kool Aid laced with cyanide to letting your thoughts wander to whether other religions may be true too. As much as we’d like to believe that we only have eyes for our partner, biology says otherwise. Once we get past the honeymoon phase of starry eyes and oxytocin, the novelty of our partner wears off a bit. And unfortunately, human sexuality is partially wired around novelty. There are people in happy marriages/relationships who get blindsided by finding someone else attractive and they feel like horrible, horrible people because of it. Not only are we capable of finding multiple people attractive and interesting at the same time, but it’s a biological inevitability. What isn’t an inevitability are our choices to act on it or not. Most of us, most of the time, choose to not act on those thoughts. And like waves, they pass through us and leave us with our partner very much the same way how they found us. This triggers a lot of guilt in some people and a lot of irrational jealousy in others. Our cultural scripts tell us that once we’re in love, that’s supposed to be it, end of story. And if someone flirts with us and we enjoy it, or if we catch ourselves having an occasional errant sexy-time fantasy, there must be something wrong with us or our relationship. But that’s simply not the case. In fact, it’s healthier to allow oneself to experience these feelings and then let them go. When you suppress these feelings, you give them power over you, you let them dictate your behavior for you (suppression) rather than dictating your behavior for yourself (feeling them and yet choosing not to do anything).
Shoot myself to love you; if I loved myself I’d be shooting you – Marilyn Manson
Looking at and speaking to attractive people is enjoyable. Thinking about attractive people is enjoyable. That’s not going to change because of our Facebook relationship status. And when you dampen these impulses towards other people, you dampen them towards your partner as well. You’re killing a part of yourself and it ultimately only comes back to harm your relationship. When you meet a beautiful woman now, you enjoy it, as any man would. But it also reminds you why, out of all of the beautiful women you’ve ever met and dated, you chose to be with your girlfriend. You see in the attractive men/women everything your partner has and most men/women lack. And while you appreciate the attention or even flirtation, the experience should only strengthen your commitment. Attractiveness is common. But real intimacy is not. When we commit to a person, we are not committing our thoughts, feelings or perceptions. We can’t control our own thoughts, feelings and perceptions the majority of the time, so how could we ever make that commitment? What we control are our actions. And what we commit to that special person are our actions. Let everything else come and go, as it inevitably will. 5. SPENDING TIME APART You see it all the time: the man who meets his girlfriend and stops playing basketball and hanging out with his friends, or the woman who suddenly decides she loves every comic book and video game her boyfriend likes even though she doesn’t know how to hold the Xbox controller properly. We all have that friend who mysteriously ceased to exist as soon as they got into their relationship. And it’s troubling, not just for us but for them. When we fall in love we develop irrational beliefs and desires. One of these desires is to allow our lives to be consumed by the person we’re infatuated with. This feels great. It’s intoxicating in much of the same way cocaine is intoxicating (no, really). The problem only arises when this actually happens.
People who suppress these urges are the ones who are likely to eventually succumb to them and give in and suddenly find themselves screwing the secretary in the broom closet and having no idea how they got there and come to deeply regret it about twenty-two seconds afterward. People who suppress these urges are the ones who are likely to project them onto their partner and becoming blindingly jealous, attempting to control their partner’s every thought and whim, corralling all of their partner’s attention and affection onto themselves.
It’s important to occasionally get some distance from your partner, assert your independence, maintain some hobbies or interests that are just yours. Have some separate friends. Take an occasional trip somewhere by yourself. Remember what made you you and what drew you to your partner in the first place. Without this space, without this oxygen to breathe, the fire between the two of you will die out and what were once sparks will become only friction. 6. ACCEPTING YOUR PARTNER’S FLAWS In his famous book The Unbearable Lightness of Being, Milan Kundera said there are two types of womanizers: 1) men who are looking for the perfect woman and can never find her, and 2) men who convince themselves that every woman they meet is already perfect. I love this observation and believe it applies to not just womanizers, but just about anyone who consistently finds themselves in dysfunctional relationships. They either try to make their partner be perfect by “fixing” them or changing them. Or they delude themselves into thinking that their partner is already perfect. This is one of those things that is not nearly as complicated as it feels. Let’s break it down: – Every person has flaws and imperfections. -You can’t ever force a person to change. Therefore: You must date somebody who has flaws you can live with or even appreciate. The most accurate metric for your love of somebody is how you feel about their flaws. If you accept them and even adore some of their shortcomings — her obsessive cleanliness, his awkward social ticks — and they can accept and even adore some of your shortcomings, well, then that’s a sign of true intimacy. One of the best expressions of this idea came from Plato in the form of a myth. In his Symposium, Plato wrote that humans were originally androgynous and whole. There were no men or women. They felt no lack, no uncertainty, and they were powerful, so powerful that they rose up and challenged the gods themselves. This posed a problem for the gods. They didn’t want to completely wipe out the human race as they’d have no one to rule over. But at the same time they had to do something to humble and distract humanity. So Zeus split them in half. He split each human into a man and a woman and doomed them to spend their brief mortal existence wandering the world looking for their other half, the half that would make them feel whole and powerful again. And this wholeness came not from two perfections meeting, but two imperfections meeting, two imperfections that both complemented and compensated for one another’s shortcomings. The artist Alex Grey once said that, “True love is when two people’s pathologies complement one another’s.” Love is, by definition, crazy and irrational. And the best love works when our irrationalities complement one another and our flaws enamor one another. It may be our perfections that attract one another. But it’s our imperfections that decide whether we stay together or not. Source: Uplift
The problem with allowing your identity to be consumed by a romantic relationship is that as you change to be closer to the person you love, you cease to be the person they fell in love with in the first place.
When someone simply tells you to be more confident, most of the time, it doesn’t really do a lot to help you out. If you begin thinking that you would love for it to be that easy, then you’re gonna wanna check out some of these great tips on how to be more confident! Before we get into it, you must first realize your self-worth, and that you are more than capable of doing difficult tasks. Realize when you’re conquering something and feel good about your self-esteem. That is where real confidence comes from. There are ways to boost your confidence on the spot. • At the start of a tough task, it can be difficult to see the light at the end of the tunnel. However, visualizing yourself completing the task successfully, and thinking about how it would feel, is a great confidence booster. Listening to music can help you feel powerful and get you in the zone! • The second tip is to realize that you are always capable of improving. When you get hit with a setback, as yourself the question: Am I capable of changing the course of this situation by improving? If you answer no, it means you need to change your thinking to be in a constant state of growth. You’ll be looking at tough tasks as chances to develop your skill further and grow, rather than accept that you can’t do it and move on to something else. • You must practice failure as well as success. This tip sounds a little counterintuitive, but it’s super effective. No matter what, you will fail at some points, but knowing that feeling can go two ways. It can either get you down and completely unmotivated – or it can inspire you to keep on pushing and making improvements. • You’ll gain confidence when something does work. It shows your persistence and hard work really do work! The next time you’re feeling unsure, keep some of these tips handy. Giving yourself a small pep talk every now and then can remind you that you’re capable of anything that you put your mind to. Even if it doesn’t work the first time, or even the first 10 times, staying persistent and confident and looking for new strategies will make you victorious in the end.
Carrot-egg maskRecipe: Take one small carrot and grind it. Beat one egg, add one teaspoon of gritted carrot and mix them together. Gently massaging with your fingers, apply this mask to a clean face and neck. Leave it there for 30 minutes, and then wash it off with cool water. Apply some moisturizer or almond oil. You can apply this carrot-egg mask every day for 10 days in a row. After that, you should take a break for a week and continue using the mask 2-3 times a week. After only a month, age spots will be gone, and your skin will be more smooth and fresh-looking.
Parsley maskRecipe: Take one teaspoon of ground-up, fresh parsley leaves and mix it with one teaspoon of lemon juice and one teaspoon of oatmeal. Gently apply the parsley mask to your face and leave it for 20 minutes, then wash it off with cold water. Apply moisturizer. You can apply this mask every other day if your skin is oily or normal. If your skin is dry, apply the parsley mask two times a week. The parsley mask has brightening and lifting effects, making the skin feel more hydrated and soft.
Banana maskRecipe: Take one banana and mash it. If your skin is very dry, add a little bit of organic sour cream. Apply mashed banana to your face and leave it for 20-30 minutes. Wash it off with cold water. You can apply this mask a few times a week. The banana mask makes the skin appear more fresh and healthy-looking. It works just like a soft peel, which is why it is great for eliminating age spots.
Anti-wrinkle face gymnasticsFacial Yoga or Facial Gymnastics is becoming more and more popular every day. Easy and safe exercises can help us to keep our skin looking young and beautiful and prevent the appearance of wrinkles. You should do these exercises every day or at least 4-5 times a week. Do not forget to clean your face and hands first.
- Taking care of the area around the eyes.
- Smoothing the horizontal wrinkles on the forehead.
- Eliminating the vertical wrinkles on the forehead.
Apple cider vinegarApple cider vinegar is an excellent ingredient to use to lighten age spots as it contains alpha hydroxy acids. Apply a little bit of the vinegar to your spots and leave it overnight. You can mix it with oil to avoid dryness.
Castor oilCastor oil has amazing healing properties. Massage a few drops into your skin where you have age spots. You can repeat this step in the AM and PM every day. After a month of applying castor oil, the appearance of the spots decreases tremendously.